野性的呼喚
The Call of the Wild

  • 副標題:

    書蟲·牛津英漢雙語讀物

  • 作   者:

    杰克·倫敦
    Jack London

  • 譯   者:

    任欣平等

  • 出版社:

    外語教學與研究出版社
    Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

  • 語   言:

    雙語

  • 支   持:

  • 電子書:

    ¥12.00

生命總是在不斷掙扎求存的過程中獲得意義與力量。

The Call of the Wild is a novella by American author Jack London published in 1903. The story takes place in the extreme conditions of the Yukon during the 19th-century Klondike Gold Rush, where strong sled dogs were in high demand. After Buck, a domesticated dog, is snatched from a pastoral ranch in California, he is sold into a brutal life as a sled dog. The novella details Buck's struggle to adjust and survive the cruel treatment he receives from humans, other dogs, and nature. He eventually sheds the veneer of civilization altogether and instead relies on primordial instincts and the lessons he has learned to become a respected and feared leader in the wild.

The Call of the Wild is London's most popular work and is considered the masterpiece of his so-called "early period." The novella is often classified as children's literature because of its animal protagonist, but the maturity of its subject matter makes it valuable for older audiences as well. Major themes include survival of the fittest, civilization versus nature, and fate versus free will.

The Yeehat, a group of Canadian aboriginal people portrayed in Call of the Wild, were a figment of London's imagination.

小說講述一條狗——“巴克”的故事。從一只養尊處優、身強體壯、自命不凡的農莊領頭狗,到掙扎在冰川雪地里的饑腸轆轆、瘦骨嶙峋的雪橇狗,直到最后帶領狼群,在曠野中自由奔跑,令伊哈族人聞風喪膽的“魔”狗,巴克經歷了被人拐賣、虐待、奴役到被拯救注册送28体验金的游戏平台,最后徹底拋棄人類這樣的歷程。作者借此深刻反映了“弱肉強食”的叢林法則。

Gold was found in Alaska, the rush to obtain it required a strong constitution and many dogs to do the work that horses usually did in the states. Buck (a dog that is half St Bernard and half Shepherd) goes through many trials, and tribulations, finally realizing his potential. On the way, he learns many concepts from surprise, to deceit, and cunning; he also learns loyalty, devotion, and love. As he is growing, he feels the call of the wild.

杰克·倫敦(Jack London,1876-1916),美國20世紀著名的現實主義作家,是美國文學史上最重要的作家之一。出生于美國加利福尼亞舊金山的一個破產農民家庭。從1900年起,他連續發表了許多中短篇小說,因其作品大都帶有濃厚的社會主義色彩,因此有人認為他是宣揚社會主義的作家,但也有人認為他是表現個人主義與民眾哲學的自然主義作家。他的作品不僅在美國本土廣為流傳注册送28体验金的游戏平台,而且受到世界各國人民的歡迎,是最受中國讀者歡迎的外國作家之一。杰克·倫敦一生著述頗豐,其中最著名的有《馬丁·伊登》《野性的呼喚》《雪虎》《熱愛生命》等。

John Griffith "Jack" London (born John Griffith Chaney, January 12, 1876—November 22, 1916) was an American author, journalist, and social activist. He was a pioneer in the then-burgeoning world of commercial magazine fiction and was one of the first fiction writers to obtain worldwide celebrity and a large fortune from his fiction alone. He is best remembered as the author of The Call of the Wild and White Fang, both set in the Klondike Gold Rush, as well as the short stories To Build a Fire, An Odyssey of the North, and Love of Life. He also wrote of the South Pacific in such stories as The Pearls of Parlay and The Heathen, and of the San Francisco Bay area in The Sea Wolf . London was a passionate advocate of unionization, socialism, and the rights of workers and wrote several powerful works dealing with these topics such as his dystopian novel, The Iron Heel and his non-fiction exposé, The People of the Abyss.

有一種荒野的耐性——頑強不屈、不知疲倦,像生命本身一樣持久穩固——可以使荒野里的生物保持一個動作,長時間紋絲不動。蜘蛛網里的蜘蛛,盤成圈的蛇,處在埋伏狀態的豹,他們都具備這種耐性。這種耐性尤其屬于正在獵取賴以生存的食物時的生命。這種耐性巴克也有。他緊守著鹿群的一側走,阻擋公駝鹿的前進,激怒那些幼駝鹿,騷擾那些帶著半大駝鹿的母駝鹿,逼得那只受傷的公駝鹿在憤怒而無助中發狂。

There is a patience of the wild—dogged, tireless, persistent as life itself—that holds motionless for endless hours the spider in its web, the snake in its coils, the panther in its ambuscade; this patience belongs peculiarly to life when it hunts its living food;and it belonged to Buck as he clung to the flank of the herd, retarding its march, irritating the young bulls, worrying the cows with their half-grown calves, and driving the wounded bull mad with helpless rage.

杰克·倫敦是世界上動物小說寫得的作家之一,他從動物的視角觀察人類和自然,通過動物的思維觀察人類的行為,由此可見杰克·倫敦對自然的向往,還有對于生命的歌頌和熱愛。

《野性的呼喚》是最受讀者青睞的動物小說之一,被稱為“世界上讀者最多的美國小說”。

對杰克·倫敦的作品有人評論為,生氣勃勃,健康樂觀;也有人認為是文明的頭腦與原始的強力的結合,是科學進化論的喉舌,代表了朝氣和勇敢。他最擅長的是對于原始暴力和個人奮斗的描寫,這在他的極地小說和海洋小說里表現得最為突出。《野性的呼喚》是極地小說的代表作。

 入選美國蘭登書屋《現代叢書》美國文學鑒賞家推薦的“20世紀百部杰出英文小說”!

美東著名文學家和評論家陳楚年先生在《天下華人》雜志中發表的《聆捕杰克·倫敦〈野性的呼喚〉》一文中寫道:“《野性的呼喚》蘊涵了一個有力的啟示:苦難會給生命帶來意外的轉折;它不僅會提升人的應對潛能,更會使心靈中長久掩藏的世界,透過某種玄秘的啟示于焉復活。反向的衍敘是:離開你一向習以為常的制約下的世界未必就是失落,在漫長磨難盡頭等著的,往往正是你應歸屬的。”

“To this day Jack London is the most widely read American writer in the world,” E. L. Doctorow wrote in The New York Times Book Review. Generally considered to be London's greatest achievement, The Call of the Wild brought him international acclaim when it was published in 1903. His story of the dog Buck, who learns to survive in the bleak Yukon wilderness, is viewed by many as his symbolic autobiography. "No other popular writer of his time did any better writing than you will find in The Call of the Wild,” said H. L. Mencken. "Here, indeed, are all the elements of sound fiction."

  • 第一章 走進荒野

  • 第二章 棍棒與獠牙的法則

  • 第三章 有統治欲的原始野獸

  • 第四章 誰取得了統治權

  • 第五章 轡軛和雪道上的苦役

  • 第六章 為了一個人的愛

  • 第七章 呼喚的聲音

  • 犬的故事

    當下以狗為題材的作品越來越多了,有《導盲犬小Q》,有《忠犬八公的故事》。雖然這篇小說的主人公巴克只是一條狗,但是它艱苦卓絕的生存道路,反映了作家所生活的時代中的個人奮斗的真諦。這也是當時處于美國盛行的自然主義思潮的一種反映,也十分強烈地展現了了達爾文的自然環境下“適者生存”的自然選擇思想的社會選擇觀。社會從遠古發展……展開↓

  • 荒野的英雄生命的禮贊

    該小說講的是一只名叫巴克的狗,它原是米勒法官的一只愛犬注册送28体验金的游戏平台,經過了文明的教化,一直生活在美國南部加州一個溫暖的山谷里,后被賣到美國北部寒冷偏遠,盛產黃金的阿拉斯加,成了一只拉雪橇的狗。它目睹了人與人,狗與狗,強者與弱者之間的冷酷無情和生死爭奪,于是為了生存,它學會了只求活命,不顧道義的處事原則,變得兇悍,機智和狡詐。……展開↓

  • 這書我看了

    內容不錯,語言不夠樸實!!結局完美。。展開↓

  • 勇于面對一切

    在杰克·倫敦寫的這本書——《野性的呼喚》中,我走進一只狗的世界。作品以一只狗的經歷表現文明世界的狗在主人的逼迫下回到野蠻,寫的是狗,也反映人的世界。本書特別注重想象和幻覺描寫,我們從中不難發現作者有意或無意透露出的浪漫主義情結。我們的競爭和我們具有的向上的精神就是一種古老的野性的體現。野性,是它帶來了征服萬物的欲望……展開↓

更多
    評論加載中...
更多